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Sewall Wright’s Seven Generalizations about Populations

May 22, 2014 in Labwide Announcements

(1)   The variations of most characters are affected by a great many loci (the multifactor hypothesis).

(2)  In general, each gene replacement has effects on many characters (the principle of universal pleiotropy)

(3)  each of the innumerable possible alleles at any locus has a unique array of differential effects on taking account of pleiotropy (uniqueness of alleles)

(4)  The dominance relation of two alleles is not an attribute of them but of the whole genome and the environment. Dominance may differ for each pleiotropic effect and is in general easily modifiable (relativity of dominance).

(5)  The effects of multiple loci on a character in general involve much nonadditive interaction (universality of interaction effects)

(6)  Both ontogenetic and phylogenetic homology depend on calling into play similar chains of gene-controlled reactions under similar developmental conditions (homology)

(7)  The contributions of measurable characters to overall selective value usually involve interaction effects of the most extreme sort because of the usually intermediate position of the optimum grade, a situation that implies the existence of innumerable different selective peaks (multiple selective peaks).


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